Mountain Home to West Point - Trees
Most noticable plants first


Field ID Tips

Thumbnails – click on plant name to see more info

Douglas Fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii


All areas


Pine Family



·  Christmas Tree shape, often with spiky tops. 

·  Short needles in all directions from the stem.

·  Cones have “mouse tail” between scales.

·  Often many torn up cones around base of tree.

·  [1] to [7] Common everywhere.

Douglas Fir Needles thumbnail.jpg

Douglas Fir Pine Cones-Pseudotsuga menziesii -Jan 11 2012

Douglas Fir-Pseudotsuga menziesii -Jan 11 2012

Coast Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens


Shady, damp areas


Redwood Family



·  Groves of redwoods make deep shade. 

·  Short needles form a more-or-less flat surface.   

·  Tree trunks can get huge.  Bark gets splintery with age.

·  [3] [5] [7]  Common.  Look for many redwoods together in shady wet places.

Description: Macintosh HD:Users:bruce2:Documents:LEPIDGallery:Redwood Needles Leaf Thumb.jpg

Description: Macintosh HD:Users:bruce2:Documents:LEPIDGallery:Redoods Full Web.jpg

 Redwoods and Madrone--2012-05-07 South Mt Tam

Live Oak

Quercus agrifolia and Quercus wizlizeni


All areas


Beech Family



·  Heavy, beautiful trunk and arching branches.  Also grows like a shrub in dry areas.

·  Stiff evergreen leaves. Edges may be very toothed or totally smooth, even on the same tree.

·  First year acorn is round.  Second year acorn can be quite long.

·  [4] [5] [6]  Common. 

Interior Live Oak-Quercus wizlizeni-June 30 Mt Tam

Interior Live Oak-3-Quercus wislizeni-May 8 2012 Mt Tam


Bay Laurel

Umbellularia californica


All areas


Laurel Family



·  Smooth-edged leaf, coming to a point, often with a pale-yellow border

·  Leaf 4” long and less than 1” wide, with only central vein showing.

·  Round pale fruit balls at end of twig.  Mature fruits get to be 1” diameter.

·  [3] [5] [7]  Common. 

Bay Laurel-400-Umbellularia californica -2011-02-09

Bay Laurel-2-Umbellularia californica -Jan 11 2012

Bay Laurel Full View Profile Thumb.jpg


Arbutus menziesii


All areas


Heather Family



·  Red, smooth under bark (lady’s leg)

·  Smooth-edged dark-green leaves

·  Likes moist, protected areas

·  [6] [7]  Common.  Some beauties at the Double Bow Knot.

Madrone-376 Seed Thumb - South Mt Tam - Jan 9 2012.jpg

Madrone Flower Flower Thumb - South Mt Tam - Feb 23 2012-2

Description: Macintosh HD:Users:bruce2:Documents:LEPIDGallery:madrone Full Web - South Mt Tam - Jan 2012 - BHS.jpg

Tanbark Oak

Notholithocarpus densiflorus


All areas


Beech Family



·  Leaves 3-5” long, oval, ending in a point.

·  Leaves strongly serrated, with an obvious vein going to each serration.

·  Leaves often fuzzy underneath

·  . [3] [5] [6] [7] Common. 

Tan Oak Thumbb

Tanbark Oak-4-Notholithocarpus densiflorus -June 27 Mt Tam

Tanbark Oak-2-Notholithocarpus densiflorus -June 27 Mt Tam-2

Monterey Pine

Pinus radiata


All areas


Pine Family



·  5” needles in 3s.

·  Branches tilting upwards

·  Branches often end in up-pointing candelabras of new growth.

·  Cones asymetrical with scales mostly closed.

·  [5] Less common.on Railroad Grade.


Description: Macintosh HD:Users:bruce2:Documents:LEPIDGallery:Bishop Pine Needles Leaf Thumb.jpg

Description: Macintosh HD:Users:bruce2:Documents:LEPIDGallery:Bishop Pine Seedling Full Web.jpg

Description: Macintosh HD:Users:bruce2:Documents:LEPIDGallery:Bishop Pine Full Web.jpg